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CAR 1988: list of regulations




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The following lists all 625 CAR 1988 regulations current at 15 January 2005 showing regulation number and title. Individual CARs can be viewed on the CASA web site at www.casa.gov.au.

Part 1 Preliminary

1. Name of Regulations
2. Interpretation
2A. Approved maintenance data
2B. Powers to issue directions etc
2C. How to read CASR
3. Application of regulations

Part 2 Administration and organisation

4. CASA
5. Civil Aviation Orders
5A. Certain directions etc to be disallowable instruments
6. Authorised persons
6A. Identity cards
7. Delegation

Part 4 Airworthiness requirements

Division 1 Design standards

21. Design standards for aircraft
21A. Design standards for aircraft components

Division 2 Foreign operators

29. Damage etc to aircraft of a Contracting State

Division 3 Certificates of approval, aircraft maintenance engineer licences, airworthiness authorities and aircraft welding authorities

29A. Interpretation
30. Certificates of approval
30A. Changes to certificates of approval
30B. Notice of events to be given
31. Aircraft maintenance engineer licences
31A. CASA may specify activities relating to categories
31B. Classification of a category into ratings
31C. Endorsement of a rating on an aircraft maintenance engineer licence
31D. Changes to an aircraft maintenance engineer licence
32. Period of operation of certificates and licences
32B. Requirements for renewal or change to an aircraft maintenance engineer licence
33. Testing of competency of holder of licence or authority
33A. Notice of decisions
33B. Airworthiness authorities
33C. Application for aircraft welding authority
33D. Grant of aircraft welding authority
33E. Recognised authorities
33F. Duration of aircraft welding authority
33G. Renewal of aircraft welding authority
33H. Changes to aircraft welding authority
33I. Conditions of aircraft welding authority

Division 4 Miscellaneous

34. Systems of certification of completion of activities other than maintenance
35. Approval of design of modification or repair
36. Approval of aircraft components for use as replacements
36A. Use of aircraft material in the maintenance, servicing and operation of Australian aircraft
37. Permissible unserviceabilities

Part 4A Maintenance

Division 1 Maintenance directions by CASA

38. Maintenance directions

Division 2 Maintenance for which holder of certificate of registration responsible
Subdivision 1 Class A aircraft

39. Maintenance required by approved system of maintenance
40. Defective or inappropriate systems of maintenance


Subdivision 2 Class B aircraft

41. Maintenance schedule and maintenance instructions
42. Defective or inappropriate maintenance schedule
42A. Maintenance schedule: manufacturer's maintenance schedule< BR> 42B. Maintenance schedule: CASA maintenance schedule
42C. Maintenance schedule: approved system of maintenance
42CA. Maintenance schedule — primary, intermediate, restricted or limited category aircraft
42CB. Maintenance — experimental aircraft
42D. Can there be more than one maintenance schedule?
42E. Elections
42F. Effect of change of holder of certificate of registration


Subdivision 3 Miscellaneous

42G. Flight control system: additional requirements
42H. Exemptions and variations

Division 3 Approved systems of maintenance

42J. System of maintenance: request for approval
42K. System of maintenance: submission to CASA
42L. System of maintenance: matters to be included
42M. System of maintenance: approval
42N. When approval is effective
42P. Request for approval of changes
42Q. CASA may direct changes
42R. Approval of changes
42S. When approval of a change is effective
42T. All changes must be approved

Division 4 How maintenance is to be carried out

42U. Modifications and repairs: approved designs
42V. Maintenance: approved maintenance data
42W. Installation and use of aircraft components in maintenance — Australian aircraft in Australian territory
42WA. Requirements for authorised release certificate
42X. Use of aircraft materials in maintenance — Australian aircraft in Australian territory
42Y. Time-lifed aircraft components — exemption from supply under cover of document requirements
42Z. Removable items of radiocommunications equipment in VFR aircraft — exemption from certification requirements
42ZA. Use of aircraft components, aircraft materials etc in maintenance — Australian aircraft outside Australian territory
42ZB. Exemptions and variations

Division 5 Who may carry out maintenance

42ZC. Maintenance on Australian aircraft in Australian territory
42ZD. Maintenance on Australian aircraft outside Australian territory

Division 6 Certification of completion of maintenance
Subdivision 1 Maintenance in Australian territory

42ZE. Certification of completion of maintenance on aircraft in Australian territory
42ZF. Request for approval of system of certification
42ZG. Approval of system of certification
42ZH. When approval is effective
42ZJ. Changes to an approved system of certification
42ZK. Approval of changes
42ZL. When approval of a change is effective
42ZM. All changes must be approved


Subdivision 2 Maintenance outside Australian territory

42ZN. Certification of maintenance outside Australian territory


Subdivision 3 Miscellaneous

42ZP. Certification not to be made

Division 7 Exemptions from, and variations of, requirements

42ZQ. Requirements to which Division applies
42ZR. Application for exemption from, or variation of, requirements
42ZS. Granting of exemptions and approval of variations
42ZT. When grant or approval is effective
42ZU. Effect of grant of exemption or approval of variation

Division 8 Maintenance control manual and maintenance controller

42ZV. Maintenance controllers
42ZW. Approval of maintenance controllers
42ZX. Suspension or cancellation of approvals>
42ZY. Maintenance control manuals<
42ZZ. Maintenance control manuals: amendments
42ZZA. Inspection of maintenance control manuals

Division 9 Maintenance releases

43. Maintenance releases in respect of Australian aircraft
43A. Maintenance release to be available for inspection
43B. Time-in-service to be recorded on maintenance release
44. Conditions with respect to maintenance releases
45. Suspension or cancellation of maintenance release
46. Information to be passed to other persons
47. Maintenance release to cease to be in force
48. Maintenance release to recommence to be in force>
49. Permissible unserviceabilities to be endorsed on maintenance releases
50. Defects and major damage to be endorsed on maintenance release

Division 10 Aircraft log books

50A. Aircraft log book
50B. Alternative to aircraft log book or section of aircraft log book
50C. Directions relating to aircraft maintenance records
50D. Inspection of records

Division 11 Miscellaneous

50E. Inconsistent requirements — resolution of inconsistencies
50F. Notice of maintenance to be given

Part 4B Defect reporting

51. Reporting of defects in Australian aircraft — general
51A. Reporting of defects in Australian aircraft: major defects
51B. Defects discovered in complying with directions by CASA
52. Defects discovered in aircraft components
52A. How must reports to Authority be made?
52B. Keeping of defective aircraft and aircraft components
53. Investigation of defects of Australian aircraft

Part 4C Flight manuals

54. Meaning of flight manual
55. Changes to flight manuals for Australian aircraft
55A. Change to flight manual may be approved

Part 4D Removal of data plates and registration identification plates

56. Definitions for this Part
57. Removal or alteration of manufacturer's data plate
58. Removal or alteration of identification from heater assembly of manned balloon or propeller
59. Transfer of manufacturer's data plate to another aircraft etc prohibited
60. Removal of manufacturer's data plates
61. Removal of aircraft registration identification plates

Part 5 Qualifications of flight crew

Division 1 Interpretation

5.01. Interpretation
5.01A. Night V.F.R. handling requirements for unrated pilots
5.01B. Direct supervision

Division 2 General

5.02. Effect of Division
5.03. May a person perform a duty essential to the operation of an aircraft without a licence?
5.04. Medical certificate: flight crew licence
5.05. Medical certificate: certificate of validation
5.06. Medical certificate: special pilot licence
5.07. Medical certificate: flight tests and assessments
5.08. Flight crew licence: application
5.09. Flight crew licence: issue and refusal
5.10. Notice of decision to issue or refuse licence
5.11. Licence may be subject to conditions
5.12. Duration of licence
5.13. Flight crew rating: application
5.14. Flight crew rating: issue and refusal
5.15. Notice of decision to issue or refuse rating
5.16. Rating may be subject to conditions
5.17. Flight crew rating: duration
5.17A. Private I.F.R. rating — regular flight reviews required
5.18. Flight crew rating: authority and flight tests
5.19. Flight crew rating — flight tests
5.20. Flight crew rating: approval to give training
5.20A. Flight procedure authorisation — purpose
5.20B. Flight procedure authorisation — eligibility
5.20C. Issue of flight procedure authorisations and entitlements of holders
5.21. Approval to give conversion training
5.22. Aircraft endorsement must be held in certain circumstances
5.23. Aircraft endorsement: issue and refusal
5.24. Notice of decision to issue or refuse endorsement
5.25. Endorsement may be subject to conditions
5.26. Duration of endorsement
5.26B. ACAS training — definitions
5.26F. Requirement to be ACAS-current
5.26G. ACAS-currency — participants in ACAS cyclic training
5.26GA. ACAS-currency — non participants in ACAS cyclic training
5.26H. Completion of ACAS initial training
5.26J. Completion of ACAS renewal training
5.27. Certificate of validation: issue
5.28. Notice of decision to issue or refuse certificate
5.29. Certificate may be subject to conditions
5.30. Certificate of validation: overseas authorisation information to be entered
5.31. Certificate of validation: effect
5.32. Certificate of validation: period of validity
5.33. Certificate of validation: offences
5.34. Airship instructor: appointment
5.35. Airship pilot training
5.36. Airship instructor: cancellation of appointment
5.37. Flight engineer training
5.38. Further examination of holders of flight crew licence
5.40. Pilot acting in command under supervision
5.41. Flight crew licence: CASA may set tests and examinations
5.42. Flight tests: CASA to be notified
5.43. Flight tests: application for exemption from requirement to notify CASA
5.44. Flight tests: granting of exemptions from requirement to notify CASA
5.45. Flight tests: date of effect of exemption for particular flight test
5.46. Flight tests: date of effect of general exemption
5.47. Flight tests: changes affecting general exemptions
5.48. Flight tests: revocation of general exemption
5.49. Flight tests: effect of grant of exemption
5.50. Approval to test aircraft
5.51. Personal log books
5.52. What must be recorded in a personal log book?
5.53. How long must a personal log book be retained?
5.54. Evidence of identity
5.55. Flight time limitations
5.56. Production of licence etc
5.57. Flying schools: transfer of student records
5.58. Flying schools: chief flying instructor
5.59. Syllabuses of training
5.60. Instrument ground time: approval of trainer

Division 3 Flight radiotelephone operator licence

5.61. What are the qualifications for a flight radiotelephone operator licence?
5.62. What does a flight radiotelephone operator licence authorise a person to do?
5.63. Flight radiotelephone operator licence: conduct of examination and test

Division 4 Student pilot licence

5.64. Interpretation
5.65. What are the qualifications for a student pilot licence?
5.66. What does a student pilot licence authorise a person to do?
5.67. What training is required before an instructor may permit a student to fly as pilot in command?
5.68. What kind of aircraft may an instructor permit a student to fly as pilot in command?
5.69. Where may an instructor permit a student to fly as pilot in command?
5.70. How many consecutive hours may an instructor permit a student to fly as pilot in command?
5.71. What recent experience must a student have for an instructor to permit the student to fly as pilot in command?
5.72. May an instructor permit a student to carry passengers while flying as pilot in command?
5.73. May an instructor permit a student to carry other students while flying as pilot in command?
5.74. May an instructor permit a student to carry out activities for which a rating is required?
5.75. What are the requirements for attempting a general flying progress flight test?
5.76. What aeronautical experience is required before a student attempts a general flying progress flight test?

Division 5 Private pilot (aeroplane) licence

5.77. What are the qualifications for a private pilot (aeroplane) licence?
5.78. What does a private pilot (aeroplane) licence authorise a person to do?
5.79. What kind of aeroplane may a private (aeroplane) pilot fly?
5.80. Private (aeroplane) pilot: rating required
5.81. Private (aeroplane) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.82. Private (aeroplane) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.83. Chief flying instructor may determine that a person satisfies aeroplane syllabus
5.84. Private pilot (aeroplane) licence: aeronautical experience required
5.85. Aeronautical experience: calculation of flight time
5.86. How and when may a private pilot (aeroplane) licence flight test be attempted?

Division 6 Private pilot (helicopter) licence

5.87. What are the qualifications for a private pilot (helicopter) licence?
5.88. What does a private pilot (helicopter) licence authorise a person to do?
5.89. What kind of helicopter may a private (helicopter) pilot fly?
5.90. Private (helicopter) pilot: rating required
5.91. Private (helicopter) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.92. Private (helicopter) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.93. Private pilot (helicopter) licence: aeronautical experience required
5.94. How and when may a private pilot (helicopter) licence flight test be attempted?

Division 7 Private pilot (gyroplane) licence

5.95. What are the qualifications for a private pilot (gyroplane) licence?
5.96. What does a private pilot (gyroplane) licence authorise a person to do?
5.97. What kind of gyroplane may a private (gyroplane) pilot fly?
5.98. Private (gyroplane) pilot: rating required
5.99. Private (gyroplane) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.100. Private (gyroplane) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.101. Private pilot (gyroplane) licence: aeronautical experience required
5.102. How and when may a private pilot (gyroplane) licence flight test be attempted?

Division 8 Commercial pilot (aeroplane) licence

5.103. Interpretation
5.104. What are the qualifications for a commercial pilot (aeroplane) licence?
5.105. What does a commercial pilot (aeroplane) licence authorise a person to do?
5.106. What kind of aeroplane may a commercial (aeroplane) pilot fly?
5.107. Commercial (aeroplane) pilot: rating required
5.108. Commercial (aeroplane) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.109. Commercial (aeroplane) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.110. Commercial (aeroplane) pilot: requirements if over 60 years old
5.111. Aeronautical experience: commercially trained persons
5.112. Commercially trained persons: time spent in synthetic flight trainer
5.113. Aeronautical experience: commercial (helicopter) pilots and air transport (helicopter) pilots
5.114. Aeronautical experience: private (helicopter) pilots
5.115. Aeronautical experience: persons other than commercially trained persons and helicopter pilots
5.116. Persons other than commercially trained persons: time spent in synthetic flight trainer
5.117. Cross-country flight time
5.118. Aeronautical experience: calculation of flight time
5.119. How and when may a commercial pilot (aeroplane) licence flight test be attempted?

Division 9 Commercial pilot (helicopter) licence

5.120. What are the qualifications for a commercial pilot (helicopter) licence?
5.121. What does a commercial pilot (helicopter) licence authorise a person to do?
5.122. What kind of helicopter may a commercial (helicopter) pilot fly?
5.123. Commercial (helicopter) pilot: rating required
5.124. Commercial (helicopter) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.125. Commercial (helicopter) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.126. Commercial (helicopter) pilot: requirements if over 60 years old
5.127. Commercial (helicopter) pilot: aeronautical experience required
5.128. How and when may a commercial pilot (helicopter) licence flight test be attempted?

Division 10 Commercial pilot (gyroplane) licence

5.129. What are the qualifications for a commercial pilot (gyroplane) licence?
5.130. What does a commercial pilot (gyroplane) licence authorise a person to do?
5.131. What kind of gyroplane may a commercial (gyroplane) pilot fly?
5.132. Commercial (gyroplane) pilot: rating required
5.133. Commercial (gyroplane) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.134. Commercial (gyroplane) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.135. Commercial (gyroplane) pilot: requirements if over 60 years old
5.136. Commercial (gyroplane) pilot: aeronautical experience required
5.137. How and when may a commercial pilot (gyroplane) licence flight test be attempted?

Division 11 Commercial pilot (balloon) licence

5.138. What are the qualifications for a commercial pilot (balloon) licence?
5.139. What does a commercial pilot (balloon) licence authorise a person to do?
5.140. What class of balloon may a commercial (balloon) pilot fly?
5.141. What type of balloon may a commercial (balloon) pilot fly?
5.142. Commercial (balloon) pilot: rating required
5.143. Commercial (balloon) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.144. Commercial (balloon) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.145. Commercial (balloon) pilot: aeronautical experience required
5.146. Commercial (balloon) pilot: flying training required
5.147. How and when may a commercial pilot (balloon) licence flight test be attempted?
5.148. Classes of balloons

Division 12 Commercial pilot (airship) licence

5.149. Interpretation
5.150. What are the qualifications for a commercial pilot (airship) licence?
5.151. What does a commercial pilot (airship) licence authorise a person to do?
5.152. What kind of airship may a commercial (airship) pilot fly?
5.153. Commercial (airship) pilot: rating required
5.154. Commercial (airship) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.155. Commercial (airship) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.156. Commercial (airship) pilot: recent experience for commercial operations
5.157. Commercial (airship) pilot: requirements if over 60 years old
5.158. Aeronautical experience: commercially trained persons
5.159. Commercially trained persons: time spent in synthetic flight trainers
5.160. Aeronautical experience: persons other than commercially trained persons
5.161. Persons other than commercially trained persons: time spent in synthetic flight trainer
5.162. Cross-country flight time
5.163. Aeronautical experience: calculation of flight time
5.164. How and when may a commercial pilot (airship) licence flight test be attempted?

Division 13 Air transport pilot (aeroplane) licence

5.165. What are the qualifications for an air transport pilot (aeroplane) licence?
5.166. What does an air transport pilot (aeroplane) licence authorise a person to do?
5.167. What kind of aeroplane may an air transport (aeroplane) pilot fly?
5.168. Air transport (aeroplane) pilot: rating required
5.169. Air transport (aeroplane) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.170. Air transport (aeroplane) pilot: recent experience requirements BR> 5.171. Air transport (aeroplane) pilot: requirements if over 60 years old
5.172. Aeronautical experience: minimum requirements
5.173. Aeronautical experience: calculation of flight time

Division 14 Air transport pilot (helicopter) licence

5.174. What are the qualifications for an air transport pilot (helicopter) licence?
5.175. What does an air transport pilot (helicopter) licence authorise a person to do?
5.176. What kind of helicopter may an air transport (helicopter) pilot fly?
5.177. Air transport (helicopter) pilot: rating required
5.178. Air transport (helicopter) pilot: regular flight reviews required
5.179. Air transport (helicopter) pilot: recent experience requirements
5.180. Air transport (helicopter) pilot: requirements if over 60 years old
5.181. Aeronautical experience: minimum requirements
5.182. Aeronautical experience: calculation of flight time

Division 15 Student flight engineer licence

5.183. What are the qualifications for a student flight engineer licence?
5.184. What does a student flight engineer licence authorise a person to do?
5.185. When may an owner, operator or pilot in command allow a student flight engineer to perform duties?
5.186. Supervision of student flight engineer
5.187. When may a student perform the duties of a flight engineer?

Division 16 Flight engineer licence

5.188. What are the qualifications for a flight engineer licence?
5.189. What does a flight engineer licence authorise a person to do?
5.190. What kind of aircraft may a flight engineer operate?
5.191. Flight engineer to undertake proficiency check
5.192. Flight engineer: recent experience requirements
5.193. Flight engineer licence: aeronautical experience required
5.194. How and when a flight engineer licence flight test may be attempted?
5.195. Supervision of flight engineer

Division 17 Restricted flight engineer licence

5.195A. What are the qualifications for a restricted flight engineer licence?
5.195B. What does a restricted flight engineer licence authorise the holder to do?
5.195C. What kind of aircraft may a restricted flight engineer operate?
5.195D. Restricted flight engineer to undertake regular proficiency checks
5.195E. Restricted flight engineer: recent experience requirements
5.195F. When may an unlicensed person perform the duties of a restricted flight engineer?

Division 18 Special pilot licence

5.196. Application of Division
5.197. Issue of special pilot licence to overseas licence holder
5.198. Special pilot licence: issue and refusal
5.199. Licence may be subject to conditions >
5.200. Aircraft endorsements
5.201. Offence in relation to application under regulation 5.197
5.202. What does a special pilot licence authorise a person to do?
5.203. Special pilot licence only to be used in private operations
5.204. Special pilot licence may be used without flight review
5.205. Offence if overseas licence not in force

Part 7 Navigation logs

78. Navigation logs
79. Form of logs
80. Retention of logs
81. Directions under this Part

Part 8 Radio systems for use in, or in connection with, aircraft

82. Equipment of Australian aircraft with radiocommunication systems
82A. Use of radiocommunication systems: words and phrases to be used
83. Use and operation of radiocommunication systems by Australian aircraft
83A. Aircraft radiotelephone operator certificate of proficiency: issue
83B. Aircraft radiotelephone operator certificate of proficiency: notice of decision
83C. Aircraft radiotelephone operator certificate of proficiency: conditions
83D. Aircraft radiotelephone operator certificate of proficiency: duration
83E. Aircraft radiotelephone operator certificate of proficiency: qualifications
83F. Aircraft radiotelephone operator certificate of proficiency: conduct of examination and test
84. Use and operation of radiocommunication systems by foreign aircraft
85. Directions under Part 8

Part 9 Aerodromes

Division 8 Use of aerodromes

90. Access of official aircraft to aerodromes
91. Use of aerodromes by aircraft of Contracting States
92. Use of aerodromes
92A. Use of aerodromes in regular public transport operations
93. Protection of certain rights

Division 9 Removal or marking of obstructions or other hazards

94. Dangerous lights
95. Removal or marking of objects which constitute obstructions or potential hazards to air navigation
96. Dumping of rubbish

Part 10 Air Traffic Services and other services

Division 1 Air Traffic Services

99AA. Air Traffic — Services, directions and instructions
99A. Broadcasts to be made at certain aerodromes
100. Compliance with air traffic control clearances and air traffic control instructions
101. Procedure when air traffic control not in operation
105. Temporary medical unfitness of holder of licence
115. Medical unfitness of holder of licence

Division 2 Meteorological services

120. Weather reports not to be used if not made with authority

Division 3 Statistical returns

132. Statistical returns

Part 11 Conditions of flight

Division 1 General

133. Conditions to be met before Australian aircraft may fly
135. Foreign aircraft of Contracting States
135A. Special flight authorisation
136. Foreign state aircraft
138. Pilot to comply with requirements etc of aircraft's flight manual etc
139. Documents to be carried in Australian aircraft
140. Prohibited, restricted and danger areas
141. Low flying etc in flying training areas
143. Carriage of firearms
144. Discharge of firearms in or from an aircraft
145. Emergency authority
146. Liability as to neglect of rules regarding lights etc
147. Australian aircraft in or over territory of a State which is not a Contracting State

Division 2 Flight rules

149. Towing
150. Dropping of articles
151. Picking up of persons or objects
152. Parachute descents
153. Flight under simulated instrument flying conditions
155. Acrobatic flight
156. Flying over public gatherings
157. Low flying
158. Reports at designated points or intervals
159. Procedure on radio failure
159A. Power of CASA to issue instructions
159B. Manner of notifying instructions

Part 12 Rules of the air

Division 1 General

160. Interpretation
161. Right of way
162. Rules for prevention of collision
163. Operating near other aircraft
163AA. Formation flying
163A. Responsibility of flight crew to see and avoid aircraft

Division 2 Operation on and in the vicinity of aerodromes

164. Responsibility for compliance with rules of this Division
165. Temporary suspension of rules
166. Operation on and in the vicinity of an aerodrome
167. Procedure at controlled aerodromes
168. Aerodromes at which the operation of aircraft is not restricted to runways
169. Preventing collisions on water

Division 3 Visual flight rules

170. Interpretation
171. V.F.R. flight
172. Flight visibility and distance from cloud
173. Cruising level to be appropriate to magnetic track
174. Determination of visibility for V.F.R. flights
174A. Equipment of aircraft for V.F.R. flight
174B. V.F.R. flights at night
174C. Qualifications for night flying under V.F.R.
174D. Navigation of aircraft on V.F.R. flight

Division 4 Instrument flight rules

175. I.F.R. flight
175A. Restriction on I.F.R. flights by single engine aircraft
176. Qualification of pilot in command
176A. Determination of visibility and cloud base for I.F.R. flights
177. Equipment of aircraft for I.F.R. flight
178. Minimum height for flight under I.F.R.
179. Authorised instrument approach procedures to be used
179A. Navigation of aircraft on I.F.R. flight
180. Cruising levels for I.F.R. flights
181. Flight procedure for I.F.R. flight where cruising level cannot be maintained

Division 5 Operations in RVSM airspace
Subdivision 1 Preliminary

181A. What this Division does
181B. Definitions for this Division
181C. What is an RVSM airworthiness approval?
181D. What is an RVSM foreign airworthiness approval?
181E. What is an RVSM operational approval?

Subdivision 2 RVSM airworthiness approvals

181F. Application for RVSM airworthiness approval
181G. RVSM airworthiness approval
181H. How long RVSM airworthiness approvals remain in force
181I. Notice to RVSM airworthiness approval holder to show cause
181J. Cancellation of RVSM airworthiness approval
181K. Cancellation at request of holder

Subdivision 3 RVSM operational approvals

181L. Application for RVSM operational approval
181M. RVSM operational approval
181N. How long RVSM operational approvals remain in force
181O. Notice to RVSM operational approval holder to show cause
181P. Cancellation of RVSM operational approval
181Q. Removal of aircraft from RVSM operational approval — cancellation of airworthiness approval
181QA. Removal of aircraft from RVSM operational approval — holder ceasing to operate aircraft
181R. Cancellation at request of holder

181S. Requirements of Australian operator using Australian aircraft
181T. Requirements of Australian operator using foreign aircraft
181U. Monitoring height-keeping
181V. Telling CASA about cancellation of RVSM foreign airworthiness approval

Subdivision 4 Miscellaneous

181X. New registration marks

Part 13 Signals for the control of air traffic

Division 1 Aerodrome traffic

182. Use of prescribed signals
183. Responsibility for complying with this Part
184. Two-way radiotelephony communication
185. Visual signals
186. Pilot in command to maintain look out for visual signals
187. Light signals
188. Pyrotechnic signals
189. Ground signals

Division 2 Special signals relating to danger areas, prohibited areas and restricted areas

190. Warning signal

Division 3 Emergency signals

191. Transmission of signals
192. Distress signals
193. Urgency signals
194. Safety signal

Division 4 Lights to be displayed by aircraft and lights and markings to be displayed on mooring cables

195. Compliance with rules about lights
196. Aeroplanes in flight or on the manoeuvring area of land aerodromes
197. Aeroplanes under way on the surface of water
198. Aeroplanes at anchor or moored on the surface of water
199. Aeroplanes aground on the surface of the water
200. Gliders
203. Airships

Part 14 Air service operations

Division 1 General

206. Commercial purposes (Act, s 27 (9))
207. Requirements according to operations on which Australian aircraft used
208. Number of operating crew
209. Private operations
210. Restriction of advertising of commercial operations

Division 2 Requirements to ensure the safety of commercial operations

212. Operator
213. Organisation
214. Training of maintenance personnel
215. Operations manual
216. Flight time records
217. Training and checking organisation
218. Route qualifications of pilot in command of a regular public transport aircraft
219. Route qualifications of pilot in command of a charter aircraft
220. Fuel instructions and records
221. Facilities and safety devices for public
222. Proving tests

Division 3 Conduct of operations

223. Operator to ensure employees and flight crew familiar with local laws and regulations
224. Pilot in command
225. Pilots at controls
226. Dual controls
227. Admission to crew compartment
228. Unauthorised persons not to manipulate controls
229. Aircraft not to be taxied except by pilot
230. Starting and running of engines
231. Manipulation of propeller
232. Flight check system
232A. Operational procedures in relation to computers
233. Responsibility of pilot in command before flight
234. Fuel requirements
235. Take-off and landing of aircraft etc
235A. Minimum runway width
238. Icing conditions
239. Planning of flight by pilot in command
240. Authority may issue instructions in relation to flight planning
241. Flight plans — submission to air traffic control in certain cases
242. Testing of radio apparatus
243. Listening watch
244. Safety precautions before take-off
245. Tests before and during the take-off run
246. Movement on manoeuvring area
247. Meteorological conditions observed en route
248. Reporting of defects

Division 4 General provisions relating to the operation of aircraft

249. Prohibition of carriage of passengers on certain flights
250. Carriage on wings, undercarriage etc
251. Seat belts and safety harness
252. Provision of emergency systems etc
252A. Emergency locator transmitters
253. Emergency and life-saving equipment
254. Exits and passageways not to be obstructed
255. Smoking in aircraft
256. Intoxicated persons not to act as pilots etc or be carried on aircraft
256AA. Offensive and disorderly behaviour
256A. Carriage of animals
257. Aerodrome meteorological minima
258. Flights over water
259. Manned free balloons
260. Manned fixed balloons and kites
262. Carriage of examiners

Division 5 Airborne collision avoidance systems

262AA. Definitions
262AB. Meaning of approved TCAS II

Subdivision 1 Australian aircraft

262AC. ACAS requirements — turbine-powered commercial aeroplanes
262AD. ACAS must be activated during flight
262AE. Reporting unserviceable ACAS during flight
262AF. Reporting unserviceable ACAS before flight

Subdivision 2 Foreign aircraft

262AG. ACAS requirements — turbine-powered commercial aeroplanes
262AH. ACAS must be activated during flight

262AJ. Reporting unserviceable ACAS before flight

Division 6 Operating limitations for aircraft certificated in certain categories and experimental aircraft

262AK. Application of this Division
262AL. Restricted category aircraft — operating limitations
262AM. Limited category aircraft — operating limitations
262AN. Approved organisations
262AO. Provisionally certificated aircraft — operating limitations
262AP. Experimental aircraft — operating limitations
262AQ. Primary category aircraft — operating limitations
262AR. Intermediate category aircraft — operating limitations
262AS. Where aircraft may be flight tested

Part 16 Refusal to grant, and suspension and cancellation of, licences, certificates and authorities

263. Interpretation
264. Refusal to grant licence or certificate
265. Suspension of licence or authority for purpose of examination
266. Cancellation at request of holder
267. Variation at request of holder
269. Variation, suspension or cancellation of licence, certificate or authority
270. Effect of effluxion of time in relation to the suspension of licence, certificate or authority
272A. Effect of cancellation of licence, certificate or authority

Part 17 Penal provisions and prosecutions

Division 1 Penal provisions

282. Offences in relation to licences, certificates and authorities
286. Stowaways
287. Power of Court to order returns etc to be furnished
288. Detention of aircraft
289. Creation of fire hazard
290. Firearms — Federal airports
291. Stationary aircraft within precincts of an aerodrome
292. Aircraft on movement area to be reported
293. Removal of aircraft from movement area
294. Prohibition of entry etc on prohibited area

Division 2 Prosecutions

296. Time for commencing prosecutions

Division 3 Infringement notices

296A. Definitions for Division 3 of Part 17
296B. When can an infringement notice be served?
296C. Can an infringement notice be withdrawn?
296D. How are infringement notices and withdrawals of notices to be served?
296E. What must be included in an infringement notice?
296F. What happens if you pay the prescribed penalty?
296G. Evidentiary matters
296H. Can there be more than one infringement notice for the same offence?
296I. What if payment is made by cheque?
296J. This Division does not prevent a matter being prosecuted in a court and does not mean that an infringement notice must be served in all cases

Part 18 Evidence

297. Evidence

Part 19 Miscellaneous

297A. Review of decisions
298. Application for licences etc
298A. Cheating by examination candidates
298B. Examination misconduct by persons other than examination candidates
298C. Personation at examinations
298D. Person not permitted to sit examination until Tribunal decides
298E. Sitting examination when not permitted
299. Change of address
301. Surrender of documents
302. Production of licences
303. Conditions subject to which licences or certificates are granted
303A. Power to impose conditions
304. Directions and instructions — section 23 of the Act
305. Access of authorised persons
306. Liability for damage to aircraft during official tests
308. Authority may grant exemptions
309. Powers of pilot in command
309A. Instructions about activities on board aircraft
310. Variation of meaning of night

Part 20 Transitional

311. Transitional
312. Definition
313. Transitional: certificates of type approval
314. Transitional: certificates of airworthiness
315. Transitional: suspension of a certificate of airworthiness
317. Transitional: permission to fly
317A. Transitional: design standards
318. Transitional: certificates of approval
319. Transitional: approval to manufacture amateur-built aircraft
320. Transitional: suspension of certificate of approval
321.Transitional: notices of events
322. Transitional: changes to flight manuals for Australian aircraft
323. Transitional: documents to be carried in Australian aircraft
323A. Transitional — determinations under regulation 178
324. Transitional: certain warnings
325. References to Parts, Divisions or Subdivisions renumbered by Civil Aviation Amendment Regulations 1999 (No. 6)